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kubernetes cluster in VirtualBox(Ubuntu 16.04)

kubernetes cluster in VirtualBox(Ubuntu 16.04)

First Let’s start installing the Docker:

#Remove if you have older version
sudo apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.ioapt autoremove

sudo apt-get update

#Add Docker’s official GPG key:
sudo curl -fsSL | sudo apt-key add -
#Verify that you now have the key with the fingerprint
sudo apt-key fingerprint 0EBFCD88

# Add x86_64 / amd64 stable repo
sudo add-apt-repository    "deb [arch=amd64] \ \
$(lsb_release -cs) \

sudo apt-get update

#Install Docker-ce now.
sudo apt-get install docker-ce -y

If you are manually adding a key from a PPA, use

curl -s | apt-key add -

Add kubernetes deb repository for Ubuntu 16.04

cat <<EOF >/etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list 
deb kubernetes-xenial main

Update and install Docker, kubelet, kubeadm  and kubectl

apt-get update
apt-get install ebtables ethtool apt-transport-https curl
apt-get install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl

Starting with Kubernetes v1.8.0, the Kubelet will fail to start up if the nodes have swap memory enabled. Discussion around why swap is not supported can be found in this issue.

Before performing an installation, you must disable swap memory on your nodes. If you want to run with swap memory enabled, you can override the Kubelet configuration in the plan file.

If you are performing an upgrade and you have swap enabled, you will have to decide whether you want to disable swap on all your nodes. If not, you must override the kubelet configuration to allow swap.

Override Kubelet Configuration

If you want to run your cluster nodes with swap memory enabled, you can override the Kubelet configuration in the plan file:

  # ...
      fail-swap-on: false

Enable bridge-nf-call tables

vim /etc/ufw/sysctl.conf  
net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-arptables = 1

Create the tocken from “kubeadm token create” TOKEN EXPIRE after sometime so ready to create one…

kubeadm join --token 7be225.9524040d34451e07 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:ade14df7b994c8eb0572677e094d3ba835bec37b33a5c2cadabf6e5e3417a522
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

Cluster ready for deployments now… You SSH to master and deploy micro-services…

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VirtualBox Disk resize

VirtualBox Disk resize

CentOS7 VirtualBox, and I finally enlarged my partition /dev/mapper/centos-root – gparted doesn’t work for me because I do not have a desktop on CentOS7 VirtualBox.

Power off your CentOS virtual machine, Go to the directory of your *.vdi image. If you don’t know where it is, look at your Virtualbox Manager GUI VirtualBox -> settings -> storage -> *.vdi -> location e.g. mine is located under ~/VirtualBox VMs/CentOS7/CentOS.vdi Back up your image just in case anything goes wrong

$ cp CentOS7.vdi CentOS7.backup.vdi   

#Resize your virtual storage size, e.g. 200 GB

$ VBoxManage modifyhd CentOS7.vdi --resize 204800 

#Power on your CentOS virtual machine, and check with below command.

 $ sudo fdisk -l

 Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
   /dev/sda1   *        2048     1026047      512000   83  Linux
   /dev/sda2         1026048   209715199   104344576   8e  Linux LVM

Use fdisk utility to delete/create partitions

$ sudo fdisk /dev/sda    #You are in the fdisk utility interactive mode, issue following commands: (mostly just follow the default recommendation)

d - delete a partition

2 - select a partition to delete (/dev/sda2 here)

n - create a new partition

p - make it a primary partition

2 - make it on the same partition number as we deleted

<return> - set the starting block (by default)

<return> - set end ending block (by default)

w - write the partition and leave the fdisk interactive mode Reboot your CentOS machine

$ sudo reboot       
#Resize the physical volume and verify the new size

$ sudo pvresize /dev/sda2

$ sudo pvscan

Take a look at your logical mapping volume to see what volume you want to enlarge, in my case, /dev/mapper/centos-root Resize the file system by adding -r option, it will take care of resizing for you

$ lvextend -r -l +100%FREE /dev/mapper/centos-root

Here you go… You did it…